|By Rosino (vascular) [CC-BY-SA-2.0
via Wikimedia Commons
In my last post, we looked at the geometric features of resiliency, which included diversity, web-network structures, distribution across a range of scales, and the capacity to self-adapt and self-organize.
The article describes how complex networks form into an architecture of a random series of interconnected, hierarchically nested loops. Such nested loops increase the resiliency and robustness of networks. This resilient architecture can be seen in leaves, insect wings, cerebral vasculature, fungi networks, and the Eiffel Tower.
“The cheapest network to operate is a simple branching tree structure, which is employed by some ancient plants. Though efficient, this structure is not very resilient. When a link is damaged, parts of the system suffer loss of fluid and die.”
“[Researchers] found that an architecture of hierarchically nested loops — meaning loops within loops within loops — is most resistant to damage. “Loops make the network redundant.””
“The researchers also found that loop networks can better handle fluctuations in fluid flow as environmental conditions change.”
“In a paper published in Nature Neuroscience in July, the researchers showed that the capillaries form a continuous network. “This means that the microvessels — capillaries — are fully connected among each other,” said Kleinfeld. “There are no regions of isolated vessels, no gated communities in real estate terms.””
- Distributed leadership throughout every department and grade level team (teams here equating with “loops”)
- Interdisciplinary practices and content
- Learning spaces that create varied opportunities for social interaction and solitary study